21 And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 22 and the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. 23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. 25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. Genesis 2:21-25
In the first part I made the case that the reason Eve came from Adam, rather than the dust of the earth, is to show the reality that Adam is the head of his wife, Eve. He is responsible for her, not the other way around. In the second part I showed that God took Eve from Adam to show the reality of the one-flesh union. Eve is not simply Adam’s, but she is him. This has many ramifications for the way in which a husband leads his wife.
Here in the third part, I would like to show that Eve was taken from Adam to show us the relationship between Christ and the church, His Bride. Marriage, as the divine institution from God, has always been a picture of the Gospel. That is the primary purpose of marriage: to show Christ to the world.
Taking Eve from Adam shows the great cost of the Great Marriage. Some translations, like the one above, reads that God took a rib from Adam. This is fine, but we must understand that the Hebrew word used is not merely for a rib, but for the side of Adam. This word is used elsewhere to describe architecture, like the side of the Tabernacle, or the side of the Temple. God took a hunk of Adam, probably including his rib, to form Eve. This was no small thing. God had to divide Adam to make Eve, and when He made Eve, Adam and his bride were united in a one-flesh union. God separates to make whole. God divides to make one.
Another point here is that the bloodshed of Adam is what God used to create his wife. Through division and blood, God created for man, woman. Wives are a lot of work, but that work is very good.
I think you can start to see the connection between Christ and the church now.
The picture of Adam suffering a bleeding wound in his side is not unfamiliar to those who remember that the Gospel of John tells us Jesus suffered a bleeding wound in His side (John 19:34) while hanging on the cross to redeem the church.
It is through the suffering of the cross that Christ redeemed His Bride, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him” 2 Corinthians 5:21. God made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin. Thereby punishing Christ and putting Him to death on the cross under His wrath. Christ did this for us, His Bride. The purpose of Christ dying is that His Bride might become the righteousness of God. From the blood that was poured from His side, we have been washed of the guilt of our sins (Hebrews 10:29). But notice that Paul says that the Bride is the righteousness of God in Him. We are only righteous in Christ.